The boss of Leclerc supermarket Group, France's largest food retailer, said recently that in order to cope with the energy shortage, the Leclerc Group may shorten the opening hours of its stores.
In an interview with French News Radio, Leclerc said that in the event of an energy crisis this winter, the Leclerc Group may close some of its stores for some time.
Leclerc also said that the French supermarket industry reached a consensus earlier this month to take energy-saving measures from October 15, including turning off the lights of signs and reducing the intensity of store lights after the store is closed.
European energy costs have risen after the European Union imposed sanctions on Russia after Russia launched a special military operation against Ukraine in February. France imports 17 per cent of its natural gas needs from Russia and is less dependent on Russian energy than its neighbours such as Germany. However, like other European countries, France has recently continued to experience extremely high temperatures in many places, increasing demand for air conditioning and exacerbating the shortage of energy supply.
Because of the global energy crisis, the supply and prices of many international bulk boron carbide are still very uncertain.
Boron carbide (B4C) is grayish black and is a very hard man-made material. Its Mohs hardness scale is 9.3 and its microhardness is 5500~6700kg/mm2, second only to diamond and cubic boron nitride. The crystal structure of boron carbide is hexagonal crystal.
Boron carbide properties
Boron carbide density is 2.52g/cm3. Boron carbide melting point is 2450℃, and it decomposes and volatilizes rapidly when the temperature is higher than 2800℃. Its linear expansion coefficient is 4.5 × 10-6 / ℃, thermal conductivity is 121.42 W (m ·K), 62.80 W / (m ·K), resistivity is 0.44 (20 ℃) Ω cm, 0.02 (500 ℃) Ω cm.
Boron carbide is resistant to acid and alkali corrosion and is not wetted with most molten metals and has high chemical stability. Boron carbide can resist the oxidation of air at 1000 ℃, but it is easy to be oxidized above 900C in oxidizing atmosphere. Boron carbide powder has a very high grinding capacity, which is 50% higher than that of silicon carbide and 1 / 2 times higher than that of corundum. Boron carbide powder is an excellent grinding material and wear-resistant material.
What is boron carbide used for?
Boron carbide has a unique combination of properties, which makes it the first choice for a wide range of engineering applications.
Boron carbide is used in refractory applications because of its high melting point and thermal stability.
It is used as abrasive powder and coating because of its high wear resistance. It is suitable for grinding, polishing, drilling and other processing of all kinds of cemented carbide tools, moulds, parts, components and gemstones. Boron carbide can be made into grinding paste and polishing paste with appropriate amount of oil or water as lubricant.
It is outstanding in bulletproof performance because of its high hardness and low density.
Boron carbide is also widely used as control rods, shielding materials and neutron detectors in nuclear reactors because it can absorb neutrons without forming long-lived radionuclides.
In addition, boron carbide is a kind of high temperature semiconductor, which may be used in new electronic applications.
Boron carbide can also be used as raw material for manufacturing metal boride, boron alloy, boron steel and so on.
It can be used to manufacture boron carbide hot-pressed products as wear-resistant and high-temperature resistant components, such as nozzles, sealing rings, gyroscopes and petrochemical parts.
Is boron carbide harder than diamond?
The Vickers hardness of boron carbide is more than 30 GPa. Boron carbide is one of the materials with the highest hardness, second only to cubic boron nitride and diamond.
Boron carbide Price
The price is influenced by many factors including the supply and demand in the market, industry trends, economic activity, market sentiment, and unexpected events.
If you are looking for the latest B4C price, you can send us your inquiry for a quote. (email@example.com)
Boron carbide Supplier
RBOSCHCO is a trusted global chemical material supplier&manufacturer with over 12-year-experience in providing super high-quality chemicals and nanomaterials. The company export to many countries including the USA, Canada, Europe, UAE, South Africa, Tanzania, Kenya, Egypt, Nigeria, Cameroon, Uganda, Turkey, Mexico, Azerbaijan, Belgium, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Brazil, Chile, Dubai, Japan, Korea, Vietnam, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Australia, Germany, France, Italy, Portugal, etc.
As a leading nanotechnology development manufacturer, RBOSCHCO dominates the market. Our professional work team provides perfect solutions to help improve the efficiency of various industries, create value, and easily cope with various challenges.
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With Russia taking the lead on Poland and Bulgaria at the end of last month, there appears to be a growing sense of compromise within the EU over whether to accept Moscow's proposed rouble settlement order.
Italy's prime minister said recently that European companies would be able to buy gas in roubles without violating sanctions. This apparently ignores the guidance of hardliners in the EU to "fight to the end".
For weeks, European companies have been trying to find ways to meet Russia's payment demands for the rouble while maintaining vital gas supplies without violating sanctions against Moscow.
Late last month, European Commission President Von der Leyen said operating under the mechanism would violate sanctions and asked European companies not to bow to Russian demands. However, the EU has yet to issue more rigorous written guidelines on how companies should pay Gazprom.
The Italian prime minister said recently, "There is no official announcement from the European Union about what ruble settlement means for sanctions violations, and no one has said whether ruble payments violate sanctions or not. It's a grey area."
"In fact, most gas importers are already opening rouble accounts for deals with Gazprom,"
He also used German companies as a shield. He said Germany's largest gas importer had already paid in rubles. "In fact, we saw evidence yesterday that the largest gas importer in Germany has already paid in rubles."
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